Bhutan is a small landlocked country in South Asia, located in the Eastern Himalayas. It is a Kingdom ruled by King Jigme Keshar Namgyel Wangchuk since 2006. Situated on the ancient Silk Road between Tibet, the Indian Subcontinent and Southeast Asia, the Bhutanese state developed a distinct national identity based on Buddhism. Bhutan is rich with precious culture and diversity.
The country’s landscape ranges from lush subtropical plains in the south to the sub-alpine Himalayan mountains in the north. The peaks in Bhutan are higher than 7,000 meters (23,000 ft). Gangkhar Puensum is Bhutan’s highest peak and may also be the highest unclimbed mountain in the world. The wildlife of Bhutan is notable for its diversity.
Bhutan was isolated from the rest of the world until the mid-20th century. Thus, it has a rich and unique cultural heritage that largely remains intact. The country’s culture and traditions are also one of the main attractions for tourists visiting this country.
Bhutanese tradition is acutely drenched in the Buddhist Heritage. Other than Buddhism, Hinduism is the second most dominant religion in Bhutan. It is mostly prevalent in the southern regions of the country. The government is increasingly making efforts to preserve and sustain the current culture and traditions of the country. Because of its largely unspoiled natural environment and cultural heritage, Bhutan has been referred to as The Last Shangri-La.
Bhutan was closed to the outside world until 1974. Now, people can visit the country, but in small numbers. It is a homeland of more than 770 species of birds and 5400 species of plants. It has a rich primate life with rare species such as the Golden Langur. It has a long list of fort, monasteries, and other Buddhist relics, trekking spots and shopping areas that are surely worth visiting. The entire kingdom embraces panoramic valleys, majestic Himalayas and abundance of rare flora and fauna.